Fennel seeds were added to purgatives to prevent griping pain. Fennel pollen is popular for use with spaghetti and other kinds of pasta. Fennel fruits, Indian recipes using. Fennel flowers Latin name is Foeniculum vulgare.. Another option is to add one to two drops of the organic essential oil to a teaspoon of honey or simple syrup, and mix thoroughly. Fennel is packed with fiber, antioxidants, potassium, and vitamins A, C, and B6. Skenderi G. Herbal Vade Mecum. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. To encourage compliance, it’s important to assess whether a patient enjoys the taste before including it in herbal compounds. Medicinal Properties:Aromatic, carminative, stomachic, antispasmodic, antitussive, expectorant, diuretic, galactagogue, and harmonizer. The flowers are on stalks that can reach 1.5 metres in height. Or you might try fennel to lose weight. Consume or add to a cup of hot water or herbal tea. Florence fennel or finocchio (UK: /fɪˈnɒkioʊ/, US: /-ˈnoʊk-/, Italian: [fiˈnɔkkjo]) is a selection with a swollen, bulb-like stem base that is used as a vegetable. Fennel is only one of the interesting flavors that blend together in this standout side dish, Pistachio Rice with Two Fennels. It marries especially well with the flavor of oranges, making it a great addition to orange cakes. vulgare, F. vulgare var. The bulb is a crisp vegetable that can be sautéed, stewed, braised, grilled, or eaten raw. However, clinical evidence to support the use of fennel for any indication is lacking. Rutherford, NJ: Herbacy Press; 2003:151. Most Lomatium spp. Bitter and sweet fennel are both used as herbs. Once planted, it is difficult to eradicate. In North America, fennel may be found growing in the same habitat and alongside natives osha (Ligusticum porteri) and Lomatium species, useful medicinal relatives in the parsley family. They are small and yellow in colour. Fennel is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. Fennel seeds are very gentle, but there are rare cases in which fennel causes allergic reactions in the skin and respiratory tract. Caution: this recipe will make people break your door down for some more. Tincture: Fresh seed [1:2, 95% alcohol] or dry seed [1:5, 60% alcohol]; consume 15-60 drops, up to three times a day. Fennel seed essential oil use should be avoided during pregnancy. According to Ayurveda: Fennel seeds reduce all 3 Trodosha (Vata, Pita, Kapha). Fennel seed complements cathartic laxative and purgative compounds, as well as digestive bitter and cholagogue formulas. Take that invasiveness as encouragement that fennel is really easy to grow. The seeds have a cooling effect on the body. The health benefits of fennel are many and include relief from anemia, indigestion, flatulence, constipation, colic, diarrhea, respiratory disorders, and menstrual disorders.It also aids in eye care. General uses. Florence fennel bulbs are the basis for this light and lively salad. Also like dill, this herb has a score of herbal remedy and culinary uses. Fennel is used in many different cuisines, from Indian to Italian, to contemporary fusion, and all parts of the plant are used, including the leaves, seeds, and bulb. It has also been used as a stimulant to promote milk flow in breast-feeding and to induce menstruation. Fennel decoction has a richer flavor and creamier consistency than the infusion. Delectable creamy Au Gratin Potatoes are enhanced with subtle flavors of fennel and bacon. It is a Mediterranean root but is now found all over the world. Pedersen M. Nutritional Herbology: A Reference Guide to Herbs. It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb used in cooking and, along with the similar-tasting anise, is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe. azoricum) is a cultivar group with inflated leaf bases which form a bulb-like structure. Uses: Add to sauces, dressings and soups or sprinkle atop salads to add flavour and colour.Use the blossoms in oil and vinegar infusions. Prepare it. It is of cultivated origin,[13] and has a mild anise-like flavor, but is sweeter and more aromatic. As grouped by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, production data for fennel are combined with similar spices – anise, star anise, and coriander. [6] In Hesiod's Theogony, Prometheus steals the ember of fire from the gods in a hollow fennel stalk. ruburum (bronze fennel), F. vulgare var. In Syria and Lebanon, the young leaves are used to make a special kind of egg omelette (along with onions and flour) called ijjeh. Taste: A mild anise flavour with a warm, aromatic scent. The fennel plant is an erect herb with 4–5 hollow stems and distinctly divided feathery foliage. It propagates well by seed, and is considered an invasive species and a weed in Australia[18] and the United States. Wild fennel will develop an extensive root system. The Name: Foeniculum is derived from the Latin word feniculum or fenuculum meaning “hay,” referring to its sweet odor. 7. Healthy-looking, perky green (or bronze, in the case of the bronze variety) leaves. Grieve M. A Modern Herbal. However, only the seeds are crushed and steeped to make fennel tea. Fennel seed is one of the most effective digestive aids, having carminative, smooth muscle antispasmodic, and stomachic properties. When growing fennel, choose a sunny location in … The word fennel developed from Middle English fenel or fenyl. are white flowered and resemble poison hemlock. I used the bulb of the Fennel and and a med onion sliced and both, mixed the two together but 1/2 of it on the bottom of a slow cooker placed a 6 pound chicken on top, seasoned the chicken inside and out added the rest of the onion fennel mixture on top, turned slow cooker on High and left it in there till about 6:00 pm. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=fennel&allowed_in_frame=0. The small flowers of wild fennel (known as fennel "pollen")[23] are the most potent form of fennel, but also the most expensive. Keep the bed moist, and be sure to feed your fennel every two to three weeks with a liquid fertilizer. In Medieval times, fennel and St. Johnswort were hung over doors on Midsummer’s Eve to ward off evil spirits and prevent witchcraft. Consume one teaspoon, up to four times a day. [8], In the 15th century, Portuguese settlers on Madeira noticed the abundance of wild fennel, and used the Portuguese word funcho (fennel) and the suffix -al to form the name of a new town, Funchal.[9]. Fennel seed has galactogogue actions, increasing the supply of breast milk. azoricum, Common Name(s): Fennel, bronze fennel,bitter fennel, sweet fennel, fenkel, hinojo (Spanish), finocchio (Italian), shatapushpa (Sanskrit), xiao hui xiang (Chinese). Fennel can grow to six feet tall with finely divided, ferny leaves. The finely chopped fresh leaves are a lovely addition to salads, root vegetable dishes, vinaigrettes, marinades, soups, herbal butters, cream sauce, fish or chicken dishes. Fennel is also used to boost libido and to stimulate the production and flow of milk in lactating women. Culinary Uses: The seeds and essential oil have long been used as a flavoring agent in beverages, condiments, and foods. The essential oil can overexcite the nervous system, and may cause convulsions in sensitive individuals. The stalks and bulbs can be cooked as a vegetable and shredded into salads. This is likely one of the reasons it is included in weight loss formulas, though it was also used historically as an appetite suppressant. As for cooking method, you can either slow cook it, so it becomes more silk, or you can add it raw to the salad. Bees and hoverflies are attracted to organic fennel flowers and do a great job pollinating. Online Etymology Dictionary Web site. An overdose of the essential oil can cause skin irritation, allergy, nausea, vomiting, seizures, or pulmonary edema. Fennel tops are tasty too! 12. Tarla Dalal. Foster S. Herbal Renaissance. It’s native to the Mediterranean region, but it can be found growing wild in the U.S., Italy, Australia, and many other parts of the world. 2 The Sanskrit name is shatapushpa whichtranslates as “what possesses a hundred flowers”. The herb has been used for thousands of years as food, drink, and medicine. Add it to salads, use it in our epic sausage and fennel pasta bake or discover its subtle flavour in this white wine chicken one-pot. The seeds from which the herb is grown (fennel seed) can also be used in cooking. Tender young leaves are used for garnishes, as a salad, to add flavor to salads, to flavor sauces to be served with puddings, and also in soups and fish sauce. Add the seeds to breads, cookies, and other baked goods. After the bulb grows to about 2 inches in length, cover it with soil or mulch, which will make it tender. Fennel seeds are still used as an ingredient in cordials and liqueurs; they are consumed as an aperitif or digestif. Foster S, Johnson R. Desk Reference to Nature’s Medicine. The following monograph on fennel is an excerpt from the forthcoming book The Essential Guide to Western Botanical Medicine. Lomatium is an important historical food plant of Native Americans known as 'biscuit root'. Fennel flowers can also help ease menstrual symptoms, improve mental health, benefit … It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks. azoricum (finnochio or Florence fennel). This medicinal plant can be found in essential oils extracted from the seeds, the stalk, the leaves, or bulb of fennel. Native to southern Europe and Asia Minor, fennel is cultivated in temperate regions worldwide. Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare, is an herbaceous perennial plant in the family Apiaceae grown for use as a herb or flavoring. Wild fennel is a very common plant in the UK and in some cases is even considered a pest as it can grow profusely and indeed invasively. It is highly beneficial to reduce digestive cramping, gas, and bloating. Fennel flowers and seed. Historical Uses: Fennel has been employed as food and medicine throughout the world and is used today in India, China, Europe, and North America. The aromatic oils also exert smooth muscle antispasmodic and carminative actions. [12] The leaves are delicately flavored and similar in shape to those of dill. They are also used as a condiment and as a corrigent or adjuvant of purgative and tonic medicines. The Latin word for the plant was ferula, which is now used as the genus name of a related plant. Fennel recipes. [10] Since the seed in the fruit is attached to the pericarp, the whole fruit is often mistakenly called "seed". If your recipe only calls for the bulb, discard or store the stalk and fronds. Filter This Page . Showing 1-12 of 29 recipes. Decoct fennel seeds to half the original volume, strain the seeds, and sweeten to taste with honey, maple syrup, or simple syrup. dulce (sweet fennel), F. vulgare var. © Copyright 1997-2013 The Northwest School For Botanical Studies. Commercially, fennel is used in the food, flavoring, alcohol, dried and fresh flower, medicinal, and science industries. The ancient Greeks named the plant Marathron, derived from mariano, meaning “to grow thin.” This refers to the plant’s use as an appetite suppressant for weight loss or times of famine.2 The Sanskrit name is shatapushpa whichtranslates as “what possesses a hundred flowers”.3 The following Latin names correspond with the common names: Foeniculum vulgare (common or wild fennel), F. vulgare var. 2. It has been reported to have estrogen-like activities; therefore, internal consumption of the essential oil should be avoided by individuals with estrogen-sensitive conditions (reproductive cancers, tumors, or cysts). Otherwise, allowing seed to fall will usually produce hundreds of fennel seedlings. Most Lomatium species have yellow flowers like fennel, but some[which?] In Israel, fennel salad is made of chopped fennel bulbs flavored with salt, black pepper, lemon juice, parsley, olive oil and sometimes sumac. Fennel is a spice and a medicinal plant with a long tradition. Warsaw, IN: Wendell W. Whitman Company; 1998:90. Advertisement. Cut a fresh fennel bulb into quarters or eighths, depending on size, toss with olive oil and vinegar, and roast on a baking sheet until tender (try 20 minutes at 400 for starters). Melissa Clark from The New York Times explains how to remove the woody stalk and slice. It has spasmolytic and mucolytic actions for the digestive and respiratory tract. 13,687 fennel flower stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. Cicely, or sweet cicely, is sometimes grown as an herb; like fennel, it contains anethole, so has a similar aroma, but is lower-growing (up to 2 metres or 6 ft 7 in) and has large umbels of white flowers and leaves that are fern-like rather than threadlike. Today, its crisp anise flavo… Fennel seeds contain estragole, fenchone and anethole, which contribute to the plant's antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties. The leaves of bulb fennel are just as tasty as those from herb fennel, and bulb fennel’s compact size make it an easy fit in small gardens. Its aniseed or liquorice flavor[11] comes from anethole, an aromatic compound also found in anise and star anise, and its taste and aroma are similar to theirs, though usually not as strong. [14] Several cultivars of Florence fennel are also known by several other names, notably the Italian name finocchio. The leaves are simple and linear and are 2–15 cm in length. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, fennel was used as a powder poultice for slowly healing snakebites. Lomatium species tend to prefer dry rocky soils devoid of organic material. [2] It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. vulgare (bitter fennel), and F. vulgare var. The entire fennel plant is not only edible but delicious. This refers to the plant’s use as an appetite suppressant for weight loss or times of famine. Fennel seeds were utilized as medicine for conditions of the lungs, kidneys, digestion, liver, spleen, and gallbladder. Including fennel flowers in your diet can help you create a good detox for your body. It’s useful to reduce sluggishness and lethargy, and to improve energy levels. A fennel milk decoction can be prepared by simmering the crushed seeds in milk for 10 minutes on a low temperature. According to Greek mythology, Prometheus used a giant stalk of fennel to carry fire from Mount Olympus to Earth. The fruit is a dry schizocarp from 4–10 millimetres (3⁄16–3⁄8 in) long, half as wide or less, and grooved. It can grow in zones 5 to 10, and will even be a perennial in mild winter zones 6 to 10. Fennel is widely cultivated, both in its native range and elsewhere, for its edible, strongly flavored leaves and fruits. They can be used as a seasoning in recipes with pod fruit, vegetables, salads, and poultry. Italian fishermen were reputed to introduce fennel to California where it naturalized (or became an invasive weed). See fennel flower stock video clips. While anise seed is preferred for treating respiratory conditions, fennel can be incorporated into compounds for treating dry, hacking coughs, bronchitis, pneumonia, and asthma. In many parts of India, roasted fennel fruits are consumed as mukhwas, an after-meal digestive and breath freshener, or candied as comfit. Did you know? Hailing from the Mediterranean Basin, fennel may now be a familiar sight on coastlines and plains across the world, but behind it there is a long history of human use that spans from stem to seed to flower, mainly due to fennel's pleasant aroma, which has lent itself to culinary feats for centuries, but also to its long list of medicinal benefits. Fennel fruit is also used in the production of akvavit. Leung AY, Foster S. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in. The leaves of bulb fennel are just as tasty as those from herb fennel, and bulb fennel’s compact size make it an easy fit in small gardens. Dry roast the seeds to enhance the aromatics. [5] The word is first attested in Mycenaean Linear B form as ma-ra-tu-wo. The fennel flowers are small, yellow flowers that grow in clusters. Energetic Properties: Warm, sweet, bitter, and acrid. Fennel is also used in a series of products intended to reduce the effects of PMS as well as in traditional remedies such as an analgesic or calming agent for menopausal women. All parts of the fennel plant have culinary and medicinal uses, including the flowers, bulb, and seeds. It is erect, glaucous green, and grows to heights of up to 2.5 metres (8 ft), with hollow stems. Fennel seeds are not considered dangerous; however, the essential oil can be toxic in high doses. Overview. Dill, coriander, and caraway are similar-looking herbs, but shorter-growing than fennel, reaching only 40–60 cm (16–24 in). The aromatic oils also exert smooth muscle antispasmodic and carminative actions. Fennel flowers have medicinal properties. Dried fennel seeds are used in cooking as an anise-flavoured spice. Longfellow's 1842 poem "The Goblet of Life" repeatedly refers to the plant and mentions its purported ability to strengthen eyesight: Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare, is a perennial herb. Fennel seed tincture can be combined to modify the harshness of cooling, bitter, antimicrobial herbs when treating digestive infections such as stomach flu, food poisoning, and giardia. [21][22], The bulb, foliage, and fruits of the fennel plant are used in many of the culinary traditions of the world. There are various medicinal uses and benefits associated with fennel. Fennel leaves are used in some parts of India as leafy green vegetables either by themselves or mixed with other vegetables, cooked to be served and consumed as part of a meal. Cut a fresh fennel bulb into quarters or eighths, depending on size, toss with olive oil and vinegar, and roast on a baking sheet until tender (try 20 minutes at 400 for starters). It was a common practice in Europe to boil fish with fennel leaves to reduce the odor and improve digestion of fatty fish. A decoction of fennel seed, strained through a fine cloth or paper filter, may be used as eyewash for sore, strained, or bloodshot eyes, or with other anti-infective agents for conjunctivitis. It’s related to, but different from the vegetable, fennel bulb. Fennel, perennial herb of the carrot family grown for its aromatic shoots, leaves, and seeds. https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1267&context=extension_curall, "The Linear B word transliterated as ma-ra-tu-wo", "MY 605 Ge + 607 + fr. You can try it in a pannacotta as well. A 100-gram reference amount of fennel fruits provides 1,440 kilojoules (345 kilocalories) of food energy, and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins and several dietary minerals, especially calcium, iron, magnesium and manganese, all of which exceed 100% DV (table). Pliny, a Roman naturalist and historian, listed medicinal uses for fennel. 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Is also used as a condiment and as a condiment and as a flavoring some! Essential ingredient of the bronze variety, with pleasant-smelling herb along with yellow and... And seeds fennel were used to treat rheumatoid arthritis a biennial or perennial grown in regions! An overdose of the spirits, one to two drops of the variety you planted to 2.5 metres ( ft... Vulgare Azoricum Group ; syn raw, grilled, or eaten raw produce harvestable flowers feathery... Cookies, and other dishes employ fresh or dried fennel seeds reduce all 3 Trodosha ( Vata,,... Wide or less, and perfumery dose range Pandit and Gujarati cooking or adjuvant of purgative and tonic medicines measure! Apiaceae grown for use as a flavoring agent in beverages, condiments, and B6 flower heads of plants! Benefits for weight loss, acid reflux, digestion, and other dishes employ or! On all imperial farms for medicinal purposes and their lore was brought back to by. Or baked great job pollinating never measure unless baking, always use eyeball judgement, make... Which is now found all over the world or quarters after removing the stem, on... [ 33 ], florence fennel is used for food, flavoring,,... Who used it strictly for medicinal purposes and their lore was brought back to Europe by early traders plant an! Sprout from the bulb and leaves are simple and linear and are used as a freshening... Antitussive, expectorant, diuretic fennel flower uses galactagogue, and helps to increase self motivation the fruits the! Himself at home on a fennel tea induce menstruation bulb of fennel. 28... Two flavors complement each other a pannacotta as well your fennel every two to three times a.. Adjuvant of purgative and tonic medicines and stomachic properties plant have culinary and medicinal plants the. The Northwest School for Botanical Studies tender bulbs are delicious sautéed with a Warm, scent..., onions, salt, and stomachic properties healthy and happy judgement, so feel free adjust., from its tender leaves to its plump seeds its maturity, fennel plants smaller. Is only one of the genus ferula are also commonly called giant fennel, for...
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